Chapter 5 New Birth of  Freedom  1860-1865

“A house divided against itself cannot stand.” I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free.

Speech at Springfield, June 17, 1858.



Lincoln’s Racist Views

Although Lincoln expressed the view that slavery was not desired, he did not believe in the equality of  Black and White as he makes his views on the subject known in September, 1858. 



 1. Causes of the Civil War?

      Slavery? Economic reasons


2. How did the African descendants respond to the call for the war effort?


3. The institution of slavery began to be eroded with several legislative enactments:

  • August, 1861 -Property used for rebel cause could be confiscated (in effect slaves would be freed)
  • Spring, 1862 –Military commanders were barred from returning fugitive slaves
  • Spring, 1862 –Slavery abolished in D, freed 3000 slaves
  • Summer, 1862 –Diplomatic exchanges with Haiti and Liberia

                              -Any rebel owned slaves (captive of war) would be free

                              -African descendants could join armed services and their family

                                would hence be free

  • September, 1862-Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation
  • January, 1863- Emancipation Proclamation


4.  What are the main points of the Emancipation Proclamation?

5.   What plan did Lincoln have for the freed slaves?

           Compensated emancipation

            Jeffersonian solution – send African descendants out of the United States