PHIL 102 Critical Thinking
PHIL 109 Bioethics
PHIL 113 Environmental Ethics
PHIL 125 Ethics in Everyday Life
PHIL 135 World Religions Today
PHIL 140 The Examined Life
PHIL 236 Self: I as Mind
PHIL 245 Social Justice
PHIL 246 Food, Philosophy, Global Health
PHIL 260 Philosophy of Education
PHIL 3** Re-thinking Animals


PHIL 101 Philosophy: Persons and Problems (3) 

This course is an introduction to the main issues in philosophy, such as good and evil, mind and body, life and death, justice and freedom, creation and evolution. The focus is on philosophical concepts and methods. Topics include the nature of being and reality, the right and the good, knowledge and belief, personal identity, and beauty and truth.

PHIL 102 Critical Thinking (3)

Critical thinking is an art and science of asking questions, gathering facts, providing reasons, and formulating values and beliefs. It is applicable to all spheres of knowledge and activity: art, science, religion, politics, and economics. This course is designed to develop the ability to think clearly, solve problems, and distinguish valid and sound arguments from fallacious arguments.

PHIL 103 Ethics: Contemporary Moral Issues (3) 

This course is an exploration of the ways to distinguish right from wrong, and good from bad. It addresses conceptions of justice, views of human nature, and standards of moral judgment. Classical and contemporary ethical theories are considered and applied to contemporary problems in politics, environmental policy, medicine, business, and personal relations.

PHIL 105 Issues in Religion (3) 

This course is a philosophical examination of the nature and the significance of religious thought and practice. Topics include the nature of faith, the role of reason, the ethical significance of religious belief, and the existence of God.

PHIL 106 Comparative Religion (3) 

This course is a study of the religions of the world: Hinduism, Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The emphasis is on the origin of the universe, the concepts of divinity and the Supreme Being, the nature of ultimate reality, and visions of the good life.

PHIL 109 Bioethics (3) 

With research being done in cloning, stem cells and genetic modification, there is a pressing need to introduce students to ethical consequences of this research to be able to make arguments about this topic. Because of the relation of this particular scientific research to medical practices and health concerns, the topic should be of interest to those pursuing a career in health care, to students in philosophy and religion, as well as students in the sciences. 

PHIL 110 Mythology (3) 

All cultures have created myths as ways of interpreting the whole of nature and the inner world of human reality. There is an affinity among civilizations transcending space and time. The origins of myths are buried in the shifting sands of time, but our present understanding of the significance of the myths establishes a continuity. The central themes in mythology are: the origin of the cosmos, the conflict of good and evil, free will and destiny, and the quest for eternal life.

PHIL 113 Environmental Ethics (3) 

For our survival, confronting the consequences of human activity on the environment is of vital importance. Environmental Ethics is an exploration of ethical values and principles which are necessary in investigating the causes of the environmental crisis and in searching for solutions to pollution, use of resources, production of food and distribution, and consumption of energy. What is our responsibility for the environment and other species? Do we have an obligation to preserve nature’s resources for future generations? 

PHIL 125 Ethics in Everyday Life (3) 

This course introduces students to basic ethical reasoning. Starting out from real-life situations, students analyze ethical problems by conceptualizing the moral intuitions and beliefs they already possess. With the help of short philosophical readings, they develop methods of applying ethical theories to moral decision-making in their disciplines and own lives

PHIL 135: World Religions Today

This course is a study of the religions of the world: Hinduism, Buddhism. Daoism, Confucianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Learn about the beauty and variety of the world’s great religions. 

PHIL 140 The Examined Life (3)

This course teaches students to identify and evaluate those beliefs that guide their thoughts and actions. Reflecting on different sources, students identify those philosophical beliefs that play a role in their own lives. By developing their critical thinking skills, they learn how to clarify, systematize, and assess these beliefs.

PHIL 203 Philosophy of Religion (3) 

A systematic philosophical examination of the major issues in religious experience and history, such as the problems of the relation of faith and reason, the nature and existence of God, mortality and immorality, good and evil, and human values and destiny.

PHIL 204 Introduction to Logic (3) 

This course examines the consistency and validity of human thinking and reasoning. It introduces the beginning student in logic to the principles and methods of formulating logical inferences. It is designed to develop in the student a recognition of the rational basis of human judgments and to encourage skills in weighing evidence, analyzing complex arguments, and presenting conclusions.

PHIL 205 Metaphysics: Appearance and Reality (3) 

This course probes the nature of ultimate reality. Topics include appearance versus reality, being and becoming, essence and existence, space and time. Is there knowledge beyond the reach of science? How can we know what really exists?

PHIL 206 Epistemology: The Theory of Knowledge (3) 

This course examines the nature and the scope of knowledge. What does it mean to know, and what is the nature of truth? What can be known, and can we be justified in our beliefs about what goes beyond the evidence of our senses? Is all knowledge innate or acquired in experience? What are the grounds and the limits of knowledge?

PHIL 207 Ethics (3) 

This course is a study of moral concepts and principles. Topics include happiness, friendship, virtue, intention, and duty. Ethics asks: Is there a supreme good that all rational beings seek? Are there universal moral values? What is the difference between judgments of value and judgments of fact?

PHIL 208 Great Philosophers: Voices of Wisdom (3) 

This course is a systematic study of the ideas of the great philosophers: Plato, Aristotle, Confucius, Laozi, Zhuangzi , Kant, and Marx. Philosophy is a continuous dialogue about ideas of enduring interest: truth, goodness, beauty, the nature of the mind, the basis of right action, conceptions of happiness, and the good life.

PHIL 215: On Love

PHIL 216 Aesthetics: Creativity and Imagination (3) 

This course is concerned with theories of art, beauty, and philosophical ideas within the various forms of art, as well as concepts in the interpretation of art: meaning, intention, style, purpose, and value. It addresses various ideas of art as representation of reality, imitation of appearances, significant form, and expression of feeling. Guest artists, visits to museums, and attendance at concerts are features of the course.

PHIL 217 Eastern Philosophy, Religion, and Literature (3) 

This course is a study of the historical development of philosophical ideas of India and China. The perspectives of Hinduism, Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism on the nature or reality, knowledge, and the moral life will be discussed. The main themes are the knowledge of ultimate reality, the cultivation of the individual life as the basis of harmony in the world, and being one with reality.

PHIL 226: Religion in the City (3)


PHIL 228 Philosophy of Yoga (3) 

This course is a systematic study of both the theory and practice of yoga as a method of attaining harmony through understanding the interconnection between the physiological mental and mental discipline.

PHIL 230 Philosophy of Law (3) 

An examination of the normative (justificatory) and analytic (conceptual) questions concerning the meaning, obligation, aims, evaluation, and administration of laws to enhance our moral reasoning especially pertaining to justice.

PHIL 234 Ancient Philosophy (3)

What do you know? Do you know anything? What exists? Are there objective truths about what’s right and wrong for you to do, or is it all a matter of convention? Does being a moral person go against your self-interest? If so, why should you be a moral person? What is happiness? Will being a moral person contribute to your happiness? These questions were raised by philosophers speaking and writing in Greek over two millennia ago. In this course, we will think hard about these questions and try to identify how they were answered by three of the most influential philosophers of all time---Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

PHIL 235 Perspectives on Death (3) 

Mythological, philosophical, religious, literary, and historical perspectives on the phenomenon of death.

PHIL 236 Self: I as Mind (3) 

This course introduces students to the philosophical study of mind. Students will learn how their unique psychologies play a role in distinguishing themselves from others, as well as consider how their psychologies are shaped by their environment and biology.  The course also focuses on the relationship between mind and body. 

PHIL 240: Philosophy & Film

This course combines the philosophical analysis of classical and contemporary films with the close reading of some seminal texts of the philosophical tradition, tracing the philosophical content of movies, but also thinking from a philosophical perspective about film as a medium of philosophy. 

PHIL 244: Political & Social Philosophy
This course engages in discussions of central topics in political philosophy: the origins and limits of political authority, the duties of the citizen in the government, the rights of the individual vis-a-vis the state, the conflict between civic duty and individual freedom, justice and the ideal society. Readings are drawn from Plato, Aristotle, Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau, Hegel, and Marx.

PHIL 245 Social Justice (3)
This course will provide an overview of social justice topics including: poverty, unemployment, the welfare state, racial discrimination, gender discrimination, and income inequality. The readings for the course will include contemporary philosophic, sociological, and economic writings. Contemporary data sources will also be utilized.

PHIL 246 Food, Philosophy and Global Health (3)

Explores our relationship with food through the lens of philosophy. Using ethics, logic and critical thinking, we investigate current debates and examine how collective choices impact the health of the planet. Using insights, we develop a community action program that empowers and underserved community.

PHIL 260 Philosophy of Education (3) 
This course will introduce students to the essential concepts, precepts and methods of philosophy of education. Students will use these foundations to reflect on the basic aspects of human learning as well as become effective participants within the milieu of modern education.

PHIL 290 Myth, Magic, and Mysticism (3) 
Mysticism crosses over the traditional borders of formal religions and its expression illuminates aspiration of the spirit and imagination beyond tangible reality. The insights in myths have found expression in art, literature, and philosophy.

PHIL 303 Existentialism and Phenomenology (3) 
This course is an examination of the human predicament: What are we doing on this earth? If God does not exist, is everything permitted? Are we condemned to be free? Are anguish, dread, fear and trembling, and despair inescapable? Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Jaspers, Marcel, Heidegger, and Sartre answer these questions in our survey of the origin and development of existentialism, and its impact on psychology, religion, literature, and art.

PHIL 311 Symbolic Logic (3) 
This course is a study of the elements of formal logic. Topics are propositional and predicate logic, set theory, foundations of mathematics, and formal semantics. Readings include Frege, Russell, Goedel, and Tarski.

Phil 312 Philosophy of Language (3) 
An examination of the nature and structure of language and its connection to philosophical problems. The course will include discussion of the foundations and prospects of semantics, the value of ordinarylanguage philosophy, and the main developments in contemporary philosophy of language.

PHIL 317 Philosophy and Literature (3) 
This course is a study of philosophical ideas in literature and how literature gives visible form to truths discovered in philosophical reflection. Readings are drawn from Aeschylus, Sophocles, Plato, Aristotle, Shakespeare, Byron, Goethe, Diderot, Kant, Pope, Keats, and Pushkin. Topics include truth, beauty, goodness, and free will.

PHIL 320 Philosophy of Psychology (3) 
This course is a study of psychological theories, principles, and concepts regarding the nature of the mind and its complex structures. The central questions are: Are thoughts and sensations related to neurological processes? Are mental states identical to brain events? Is there room for free will together with psychological causality? Responses to these questions elucidate the concept of the self and the continuity of consciousness, the problem of other minds, the nature of intention, perception, and cognition.

PHIL 324 Judaism, Christianity, Islam (3) 
An intensive and methodical study of the scriptural foundations, original doctrines, historical development, and the present status of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

PHIL 401 Philosophy of Science (3) 

Science began as “Natural Philosophy.” The epistemological questions that arise in philosophy of science are: What kinds of evidence are relevant in establishing a scientific theory? What are the necessary and sufficient criteria for the validity of a scientific theory? What is the connection between the truth of a theory and its descriptive and predictive power? What is a law of nature? The metaphysical questions addressed are: What is the ultimate structure of reality? What is an ontological commitment? Are we committed to the existence of all theoretical entities and structures postulated by an accepted theory?

PHIL 405 Advanced Seminar in Philosophy (3) 

This seminar is an exploration of a central topic in metaphysics (i.e. being and reality), epistemology (truth and knowledge), ethics (the meaning of morality), or aesthetics (art and beauty).

PHIL 408 Independent Study in Philosophy (3) 

Independent study involves individual research for students who plan to explore special topics. The topics are to be determined by the student and the faculty advisor.

PHIL 424 Independent Study in Religion (3) 

Independent study involves individual research for students who plan to explore special topics in religion. The topics are selected by the student and faculty advisor.