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Info Lit Tutorial: Session 5

Citing Sources and Avoiding Plagiarism

- How to use style manuals to create a bibliography?
- How to avoid plagiarism?

  • A bibliography, or reference is a list of source materials used in the preparation of a research paper. It is a required component of a research paper.
  • Creating a bibliography or reference helps to avoid plagiarism.
  • A bibliography needs to follow a specific format or style.

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Style Manuals

Style manuals provide comprehensive information on writing technique and conducting research. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) is usually recommended for academic disciplines within the social sciences. Modern Language Association ( MLA) style manual is usually recommended for humanities studies. There are other style manuals that may be suggested by professors. These manuals are available in the library reference area.

  • Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) 6th Ed. Call number: Ref. BF 76.7 .P83 2010.
  • MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. LB 2369 .G53 2009.
  • A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations (Turabian) 7th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. LB2369 .T8 2007.
Citation Guides

A citation is a reference to a source from which a quotation or information was taken. It includes all the information to locate an original source. For example: a book citation includes author, title, place of publication, publisher and date of publication. A bibliography consists of a complete list of citations.

For an introduction on how to cite sources, consult the following guides:

  • What is plagiarism?
    --PLAGIARISM is "the act of using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to that person."*
    -- Quotations and ideas that are not your own must be cited to avoid plagiarism.
  • How to avoid plagiarism?
    -- New Jersey City University Academic Integrity Policy
    -- Links to good web tutorials:
1. A General Guide to Understanding Written Plagiarism - by EasyBIb
2. Carlos and Eddie's Guide: Citing and Documenting Sources - by UCLA Library.
3. How to Recognize and Avoid Plagiarism - by the School of Education, Indiana University Bloomington.

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Related YouTube Videos

These YouTube selections are provided by other libraries and may refer to resources that are not available in the Guarini Library. Please view them for general instruction only.


After completing the session, a self-test is necessary to assess what you have learned.

Info Lit Tutorial Session 5: Quiz

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* Marriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary. 2012.


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