Postcard circa 1940
Courtesy, RF Smith
New Jersey City
Since the date of its charter by the New Jersey Legislature in 1927, the institution known today as New Jersey City University has been evolving as a place of higher learning.
Opened in 1929 as the New Jersey State Normal School at Jersey City, the institution was renamed New Jersey State Teachers College at Jersey City in 1935 and Jersey City State College in 1958, becoming a liberal arts institution in 1968. In 1998, the New Jersey Commission on Higher Education approved a change of institutional status and accepted the present name, New Jersey City University.
Although the founding principles and mission of this urban institution-- access and excellence -- have not changed since the first day of class 75 years ago, New Jersey City University's physical presence has changed dramatically. The size of the campus has expanded six-fold; the number of buildings and facilities has grown from one structure to 26; the academic focus has blossomed from normal school training to 32 undergraduate degree major programs and 19 graduate degree programs offered in three colleges; and the student body has grown and diversified from 330 area residents to about 10,000 students from across New Jersey, the United States, and 50 countries around the globe. NJCU continues to grow and evolve today. The need for ongoing capital improvement and construction is clear. Outstanding new facilities would further enhance the learning, teaching, and working environment of the University for future generations. To remain competitive New Jersey City University must follow a plan for imaginative investment in the physical future as well as the intellectual future of the University. By doing so, the University will ensure that the building blocks of knowledge and success will stand securely within the steel and concrete structures that support them.
An Historical Timeline
The Early Years (1929-1944)
1927: The New Jersey State Normal School at Jersey City was chartered. The institution was built to accommodate 1,000 students and an eight-room demonstration school in its one building, Hepburn Hall, on ten acres on what was then Hudson Boulevard.
1929: The New Jersey State Normal School at Jersey City opened and immediately expanded its two-year teacher education curricula, making it the only teacher preparation program in the United States to offer a three-year program. A faculty of 12, increased immediately to 29, served a student population comprised of 330 women and one man, who were mostly residents of Hudson County.
1935: The name was changed to New Jersey State Teachers College at Jersey City. The institution was authorized to offer a four-year teacher education program and award the bachelor of science degree in education.
1936: A degree program in health education and nursing was initiated in cooperation with the Jersey City Medical Center for the training of school nurses.
The End of World War II and the Post-War Years (1945-1958)
1946: The G.I. Bill enabled many veterans to enroll in the four-year Arts and Sciences Program, resulting in the rapid growth and expansion of the program.
1950: The Arts and Sciences Program was eliminated as a result of the graduation of many World War II veterans.
1955: The institution's first physical expansion took place: a small addition was made to Hepburn Hall, which enabled the Library to expand its holdings to 65,000 volumes; and Fries Hall Gymnasium was constructed. The institution graduated 83 students.
1958: New Jersey State Teachers College at Jersey City became Jersey City State College and was authorized to award the bachelor of arts degree.
The Middle Years (1959-1974)
1959: The institution began to offer the master of arts in elementary education.
1962: Grossnickle Hall, a four-story academic building, opened. To enhance its special education program, Jersey City State College began to administer the A. Harry Moore School, becoming one of the few colleges in the United States with a special-education demonstration school.
1963: Mrs. A. Harry Moore received an honorary degree of doctor of letters from the college at a convocation to celebrate the merger of the A. Harry Moore School with the college.
1964: To accommodate a more geographically diverse student population, the institution opened its first dormitory, Vodra Hall.
1966: The College's first Board of Trustees was named by the Governor, pursuant to the Higher Education Act of 1966.
1967: Enrollment totals reached 5,700 students with 4,900 undergraduates and 800 graduate students. Full-time faculty numbered 179.
1968: The Forrest A. Irwin Library opened. Jersey City State College became a multipurpose institution, authorized to develop a liberal arts program and to enlarge its teacher preparation programs. 1969: The demonstration school in Hepburn Hall closed.
1970: Rossey Hall, a six-story academic building, opened.
1973: The five-story Science Building and the JCSC Women's Center opened; the Cooperative Education Program was established with 25 students placed in paid work assignments.
1975: The Department of Nursing was established.
Beyond 50 Years (1975-1990)
1976: The Student Union Building opened (renamed the Michael B. Gilligan Student Union Building in 1985). A 50,000 square foot building on West Side Avenue was renovated to house the Center for Media Arts.
1977: Both the Department of Business Administration and the Peter W. Rodino Institute of Criminal Justice were established.
1978: The popular Saturday Semester Program began, offering students more flexibility in scheduling classes for both credit and non-credit study.
1980: The Department of Computer Science was created.
1982: The Department of Media Arts was formed.
1985: The institution was awarded a $5.7 million Governor's Challenge Grant for an expanded Cooperative Education Program, which would serve all academic majors. From that time, JCSC was known as New Jersey's premier cooperative education college.
1986: Autonomy was granted to higher education institutions in New Jersey.
1989: The Coop Dorm was opened to house 100 undergraduates.
From the Information Age to the Future (1991-2012)
1994: The four-story Professional Studies Building and the state-of-the-art Athletic and Fitness Center opened.
1996: The Center for Public Policy and Urban Research was established.
1997: President Carlos Hernandez appointed a task force to consider a change of institutional status and a name change.
1998: At its March 24th meeting, the Jersey City State College Board of Trustees approved submission of a formal petition to the New Jersey Commission on Higher Education requesting that the institution be granted university status and renamed New Jersey City University. The New Jersey Commission on Higher Education approved a change of institutional status and accepted the name change at its May 29th meeting. The University was restructured to include three colleges: the College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Education, and the College of Professional Studies.
1999: The University's four-story Forrest Irwin Library was completely redesigned and renovated to provide a spacious, modern facility equipped with high-tech capability for study and research.
2000: The NJCU Library was dedicated in October and renamed the Congressman Frank J. Guarini Library.
2001: The University introduced myNJCU, the initial application of "portal" technology to provide members of the University community with a single integrated point for immediate access to personally relevant information, people, and processes, and to provide a gateway to resources available on the World Wide Web.
2002: In September, the University Academy Charter High School enrolled its first ninth-grade class of 125 students.
2003: A new two-story Visual Arts Building opened in September. The 56,000- square-foot structure is surrounded by a sculpture garden, the centerpiece of which will be a work by the sculptor Maya Lin, whose "Vietnam Memorial" in Washington, D.C. is internationally acclaimed.
The University Academy Charter High School opened in a redesigned commercial building on West Side Avenue. New Jersey City University joined with the City of Jersey City, the Jersey City Board of Education, and New Jersey Transit to collaborate on the "Bayside Project," a redevelopment proposal that is focusing on a 700-acre section of Jersey City that stretches from Communipaw Avenue south to Stevens Avenue and from Bergen Avenue west to Newark Bay.
Ground was broken
for a six-story Arts and Sciences Building, designed by the renowned architect
Michael Graves. The projected completion date for the 77,000-square-foot
building, which will adjoin Fries Hall, is early 2005.
2006: The University dedicated George Karnoutsos Arts and Sciences Hall, designed by Michael Graves in collaboration with STV Architects of New York, in honor of the 1955 alumnus and retired professor of philosophy who donated $2.5 million to the University. It also dedicated the William J. Maxwell College of Arts and Sciences in honor of the 1958 alumnus, president emeritus, and distinguished service professor of history and education.
2007: NJCU dedicated the Deborah Cannon Partridge Wolfe College of Education in honor of the 1937 alumna, teacher, theologian and humanitarian. It also opened its off-campus site in the financial district on the Jersey City waterfront.
| By: Carmela Karnoutsos
Project Administrator: Patrick Shalhoub